No matter how hard you work on trying to prevent it, gum disease can still strike. To say it is not pleasant would be an understatement. It can be painful, loosen teeth, and even worse for your social life, cause bad breath. There are several ways to deal with this though, and if the situation is severe enough, flap surgery is the one to go for.
How it Works
Flap surgery will clean your roots and tooth, as well as repair bone damage caused by gum disease. While the name may seem strange at first, it is very appropriate considering that flap surgery will have your gums lifted or folded back in the form of a flap.
Once your dentist has determined that the surgery is truly needed, he or she will prepare your teeth by removing all the plaque and tartar from around them. During the procedure itself, your gums will be separated from your teeth with a scalpel. Do not worry as you will receive a local anesthetic before that, so the whole thing is pretty much painless.
After the gums are lifted back, tarter and plaque from around your root will be removed. If there is any bone damage, the irregular surfaces will be smoothed, making sure there are fewer areas in your mouth where bacteria can hide. After the procedure is over, the gums are placed back so that the tissue fits tightly around the tooth or teeth.
Does it Last?
The main point of flap surgery, apart from repairing any damage, is to make sure there are fewer spots in your mouth where bacteria can hide and thrive. Once the procedure is done, you should be able to clean and maintain your teeth much more effectively, preserving your gums' health.
Nobody wants to go “under the knife” more than absolutely necessary, so keep your dental hygiene spotless and your dental checkups regular, and this should be the only time your dentist will have to reach for the scalpel.